Struggling Life of Deshnetry Begum Khaleda Zia(Part One)
Written By : Zubair Tanvir Siddique
Story of A Housewife Who Turned Into “The Leader Of The Nation’’ Due To The Necessity of Her Country And People.
Introduction: Begum Khaleda Zia, Three Term(Bythepeople) Ex. Prime Minister of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh. She Is(Bythepeople) The First Female Prime Minister In Bangladesh And The Second(After Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan In 1988–1990) In The Muslim World.
The Beginning(From 1980 To 1990) Resurgence of Autocracy (AfterBakshal) And The Regenesis Of Democracy:
After The Heart Rending Death of Martyr President Ziaur Rahman(May 30th 1980 At Chittagong Circuit House By A Group of Disorderly Army Officers Organized By Major General Monjur ), Justice Abdus Sattar Became The Chairman of BNP And Begum Khaleda Zia The Vice-Chairman. When Abdus Sattar Was Ousted From The Presidency By A Nonviolence Military Coup(By Lieutenant General H.M.Ershad-1982)Begum Khaleda Zia Was Elected As The Chairperson of BNP. She Thus Became Head of The Bangladesh Nationalist Party – BNP.
From 1980 To 1990 The Political Atmosphere of Bangladesh Was In An Astonishing Geminate Condition. On One Hand Gn.Ershed(President Of Bangladesh-1980 To 1989) Started To Build His Autocracy Around Bangledesh, On The Other Hand Circumstances Started To Build A Classy Way For A Housemother To Emerge As The Recuperator of Democracy Around Bangladesh.
In The History of Time, Whenever People Lost Their Democracy, Voting Right, Freedom of Speech By An Autocrat A Valiant Democrat Among Them Always Rose Up To Lead A Mission Towards Restoring Democracy.
Begum Khaleda Zia Took The Helm of BNP In An Adverse Circumstance. During The Autocratic Rule of Hussain Muhammad Ershad She Formed A Seven-Party Alliance And Lead The Continuing Movement For Democracy Until The Fall of The Military Dictator Ershad In 1990. Begum Khaleda Zia Was Detained More Than Seven Times Because of Her Protest Against The Dictator Ershad, But Never Negotiated, That’s Why Begum Khaleda Zia Was Entitled “Aposhhin Netry” By The People.
After Fall Of Military Dictator Ershad In 1990, A Neutral Caretaker Government In Bangladesh Oversaw Elections On 27 February 1991 That Were Broadly Considered To Be Free, Fair And Truly Democratic, Following Eight Years of A Military Government.
The BNP Won 140 Seats, 11 Short of A Majority. As It Was The Only Party Capable of Forming A Government, Begum Khaleda Zia Was Sworn In As The Country’s First Female Prime Minister On 20 March With The Support of A Majority of The Deputies In The Parliament.
The Acting President Shahabuddin Ahmed Granted Begum Khaleda Zia Nearly All of The Powers That Were Vested In The President At The Time, Effectively Returning Bangladesh To A Parliamentary System In September 1991. With A Unanimous Vote, Parliament Passed The 12th Amendment To The Constitution In 1991. The BNP-Led Government Formally Restored The Parliamentary System.